My personal life-list

Having spent a significant amount of time in some of the best national parks of Thailand, I’m fortunate to have seen a long list of species.
Reptiles & mammals are my primary goals when visiting the Thai jungles, but I do enjoy the more colorful bird species as well to fill up the time between the mammal and herpetofauna sightings 😉 .

Dhole in Khao Yai

Dhole, Cuon alpinus feeding on Sambar Deer carcass in Khao Yai national park, Thailand.

Without a doubt, the highlight of it all is the Mainland Clouded Leopard; the most beautiful cat in the world I dare to say.
Also one of the most elusive species around. Still, I have been extremely fortunate to see this species more than once. The very first encounter being the most unforgettable.
A female with two large cubs crossed the road while we were on a night drive in Khao Yai national park. The two cubs slowly followed their mother into the jungle, but showed little fear and looked us straight in the eyes.
As usual with these exceptional sightings I did not have my camera with me. Actually, I had a pocket camera on me, but as the name says, it was in my pocket. Being stunned by the appearance of these magnificent creatures, it took 5 minutes after the sighting before I realized that I had this little camera with me…
Apart from one fleeting sighting of one running across the road in Khao Yai in the late afternoon, I only had one other ‘reasonable’ chance to photograph this species. In April 2015. But my torch was running out of battery power and couldn’t offer enough light for my camera to lock focus on the cat in the distance. Again I returned home without photographic evidence.
One day I will get a shot!

Enough about this, time for the list.





    Pangolins – Manidae

  1. Sunda Pangolin, Manis javanica


    Gymnures – Erinaceidae

  3. Moonrat, Echinosorex gymnura
  4. Short-tailed Gymnure, Hylomys suillus

    Moles – Talpidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Shrews – Soricidae

  6. Himalayan Water Shrew, Chimarrogale himalayica


    Feather-tailed Treeshrews – Ptilocercidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Treeshrews – Tupaiidae

  8. Northern Treeshrew, Tupaia belangeri
  9. Common Treeshrew, Tupaia glis


    Colugos – Cynocephalidae

  11. Sunda Flying Lemur, Galeopterus variegatus


    Fruit Bats – Pteropodidae

  13. Malayan Spotted-winged Fruit Bat, Balionycteris seimundi
  14. Sunda Short-nosed Fruit Bat, Cynopterus cf. brachyotis
  15. Ratanaworabhan’s Fruit Bat, Megaerops niphanae
  16. Island Flying Fox, Pteropus hypomelanus
  17. Large Flying Fox, Pteropus vampyrus
  18. Lyle’s Flying Fox, Pteropus lylei

    Mouse-tailed Bats – Rhinopomatidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Sheath-tailed & Tomb Bats – Emballonuridae

  20. Lesser Sheath-tailed Bat, Emballonura monticola
  21. Black-bearded Tomb Bat, Taphozous melanopogon

    Hog-nosed Bats – Craseonycteridae

  23. Kitti’s Hog-nosed Bat, Craseonycteris thonglongyai

    Hollow-faced Bats – Nycteridae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    False-vampires – Megadermatidae

  25. Lesser False Vampire Bat, Megaderma spasma

    Horseshoe Bats – Rhinolophidae

  27. Croslet Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus coelophyllus
  28. Great Woolly Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus luctus
  29. Shamel’s Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus shameli
  30. Thai Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus thailandensis

    Roundleaf Bats – Hipposideridae

  32. Great Roundleaf Bat, Hipposideros armiger
  33. Intermediate Roundleaf Bat, Hipposideros larvatus
  34. Large-eared Roundleaf Bat, Hipposideros pomona

    Common Bats – Vespertilionidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Free-tailed Bats – Molossidae

  36. Asian Wrinkle-lipped Bat, Chaerephon plicatus


    Slow Loris – Lorisidae

  38. Bengal Slow Loris, Nycticebus bengalensis
  39. Sunda Slow Loris, Nycticebus coucang

    Monkeys – Cercopithecidae

  41. Stump-tailed Macaque, Macaca arctoides
  42. Assamese Macaque, Macaca assamensis
  43. Crab-eating Macaque (Long-tailed Macaque), Macaca fascicularis
  44. Northern Pig-tail Macaque, Macaca leonina
  45. Southern Pig-tail Macaque, Macaca nemestrina
  46. Banded Langur, Presbytis femoralis
  47. White-thighed Langur, Presbytis siamensis
  48. Indochinese Grey Langur, Trachypithecus crepusculus
  49. Dusky Langur, Trachypithecus obscurus

    Gibbons – Hylobatidae

  51. Agile Gibbon, Hylobates agilis
  52. White-handed Gibbon, Hylobates lar
  53. Pileated Gibbon, Hylobates pileatus
  54. Note: Have seen Pileated x White-handed Gibbon hybrids (Khao Yai)



    Dogs – Canidae

  55. Golden Jackal, Canis aureus
  56. Dhole (Asian Wild Dog), Cuon alpinus

    Bears – Ursidae

  58. Malayan Sun Bear, Helarctos malayanus
  59. Asian Black Bear, Ursus thibetanus

    Mustelids – Mustelidae

  61. Hog Badger, Arctonyx collaris
  62. Smooth-coated Otter, Lutrogale perspicillata
  63. Yellow-throated Marten, Martes flavigula

    Civets – Viverridae

  65. Binturong, Arctictis binturong
  66. Small-toothed Palm Civet, Arctogalidia trivirgata
  67. Banded Civet, Hemigalus derbyanus
  68. Masked Palm Civet, Paguma larvata
  69. Asian Palm Civet, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
  70. Large Indian Civet, Viverra zibetha
  71. Small Indian Civet, Viverricula indica

    Linsangs – Prionodontidae

  73. Banded Linsang, Prionodon linsang

    Mongooses – Herpestidae

  75. Small Asian Mongoose, Herpestes javanicus
  76. Crab-eating Mongoose, Herpestes urva

    Cats – Felidae

  78. Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa
  79. Indochinese Leopard (both spotted and black phase), Panthera pardus delacouri
  80. Marbled Cat, Pardofelis marmorata
  81. Leopard Cat, Prionailurus bengalensis
  82. Fishing Cat, Prionailurus viverrinus


    Elephants – Elephantidae

  84. Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus


    Tapirs – Tapiridae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Rhinoceroses – Rhinocerotidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level



    Pigs – Suidae

  86. Wild Boar, Sus scrofa

    Mousedeer – Tragulidae

  88. Lesser Mousedeer, Tragulus kanchil
  89. Greater Mousedeer, Tragulus napu

    Deer – Cervidae

  91. Hog Deer, Axis porcinus (Re-introduced)
  92. Fea’s Muntjac (Tenasserim Muntjac), Muntiacus feae
  93. Indian Muntjac, Muntiacus muntjak
  94. Eld’s Deer, Rucervus eldii (Re-introduced)
  95. Sambar Deer, Rusa unicolor

    Cattle & Goats – Bovidae

  97. Gaur, Bos frontalis
  98. Banteng, Bos javanicus
  99. Indochinese Serow, Capricornis milneedwardsi
  100. Southern Serow, Capricornis sumatraensis
  101. Chinese Goral, Naemorhedus griseus


    Squirrels – Sciuridae

  103. Grey-bellied Squirrel, Callosciurus caniceps
  104. Pallas’s Squirrel, Callosciurus erythraeus
  105. Finlayson’s Squirrel, Callosciurus finlaysonii
  106. Sunda Black-banded Squirrel, Callosciurus nigrovittatus
  107. Plantain Squirrel, Callosciurus notatus
  108. Asian Red-cheeked Squirrel, Dremomys rufigenis
  109. Phayre’s Flying Squirrel, Hylopetes phayrei
  110. Red-cheeked Flying Squirrel, Hylopetes spadiceus
  111. Three-striped Ground Squirrel, Lariscus insignis
  112. Indochinese Ground Squirrel, Menetes berdmorei
  113. Lesser Giant Flying Squirrel, Petaurista elegans
  114. Red Giant Flying Squirrel, Petaurista petaurista
  115. Indian Giant Flying Squirrel, Petaurista phillippensis
  116. Temminck’s Flying Squirrel, Petinomys setosus
  117. Black Giant Squirrel, Ratufa bicolor
  118. Low’s Squirrel, Sundasciurus lowii
  119. Slender Squirrel, Sundasciurus tenuis
  120. Western Striped Squirrel, Tamiops mcclellandii
  121. Cambodian Striped Squirrel, Tamiops rodolphii

    Rats & Mice – Muridae

  123. Long-tailed Giant Rat, Leopoldamys sabanus

    Voles – Cricetidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Bamboo Rats – Spalacidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Porcupines – Hystricidae

  125. Asian Porcupine, Hystrix Brachyura
  126. Asian Brush-tailed Porcupine, Atherurus macrourus


    Hares – Leporidae

  128. Siamese Hare, Lepus peguensis


    Whales – Baleanopteridae

  130. Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera brydei


    Dugongs – Dugongidae

    No species seen or no species identified to species level






    Crocodylidae – Crocodiles

  1. Siamese Crocodile, Crocodylus siamensis

    Gavialidae – Gharials

    No species seen or no species identified to species level



    Geoemydidae – Asian Hardshelled Turtles

  1. Malayan Box Turtle, Cuora amboinensis
  2. Enigmatic Leaf Turtle, Cyclemys enigmatica
  3. Oldham’s Leaf Turtle, Cyclemys oldhamii
  4. Yellow-headed Temple Turtle, Heosemys annandalii
  5. Giant Asian Pond Turtle, Heosemys grandis
  6. Spiny Turtle, Heosemys spinosa
  7. Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle, Notochelys platynota
  8. Malayan Snail-eating Turtle, Malayemys macrocephala
  9. Black Marsh Turtle, Siebenrockiella crassicollis

    Cheloniidae – Sea Turtles

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Dermochelyidae – Leatherback Sea Turtles

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Platysternidae – Asian Big-headed Turtles

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Testudinidae – Land Tortoises

  11. Elongated Tortoise, Indotestudo elongata
  12. Asian Forest Tortoise, Manouria emys phayrei

    Trionychidae – Softshell Turtles

  14. Malayan Softshell Turtle, Dogania subplana
  15. Southeast Asian Softshell turtle, Amyda cartilaginea


    Agamidae – Agamid Lizards

  1. Cardamom Mountains Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura cardamomensis
  2. Boulenger’s Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura crucigera
  3. Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura cf. crucigera (North-west Thailand)
  4. Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura cf. crucigera (South Thailand)
  5. Scale-bellied Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura lepidogaster
  6. Phuket Spiny Lizard, Acanthosaura phuketensis

    To be continued!


    Varanidae – Monitor Lizards

  8. Duméril’s Monitor Lizard, Varanus dumerilii
  9. Clouded Monitor Lizard, Varanus nebulosus
  10. Water Monitor Lizard, Varanus salvator


    Acrochordidae – Wart Snakes

    No species seen or no species identified to species level


    Typhlopidae – Blind Snakes

  1. Diard’s Blind Snake, Argyrophis diardii
  2. Brahminy Blind Snake, Indotyphlops braminus

    Colubridae – Colubrids

  4. Speckle-headed Vine Snake, Ahaetulla fasciolata
  5. Large-eyed Vine Snake, Ahaetulla mycterizans
  6. Long-nosed Vine Snake, Ahaetulla cf nasuta
  7. Oriental Vine Snake, Ahaetulla prasina
  8. Ornate Flying Snake, Chrysopelea ornata
  9. Paradise Flying Snake, Chrysopelea paradisi
  10. Striped Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis caudolineatus
  11. Blue Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis cyanochloris
  12. Beautiful Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis formosus
  13. Haas’s Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis haasi
  14. Kopstein’s Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis kopsteini
  15. Nganson Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis ngansonensis
  16. Sawtooth-necked Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis nigroserratus
  17. Painted Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis pictus
  18. Unidentified Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis sp.
  19. Striated Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis striatus
  20. Mountain Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis subocularis
  21. Vogel’s Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis vogeli
  22. Red Whip Snake, Dryophiops rubescens
  23. Variable Reed Snake, Calamaria lumbricoidea
  24. Brown Reed Snake, Calamaria pavimentata
  25. Pink-headed Reed Snake, Calamaria schlegeli
  26. Bengkulu Cat Snake, Boiga bengkuluensis
  27. Green Cat Snake, Boiga cyanea
  28. Dog-toothed Cat Snake, Boiga cynodon
  29. Jasper’s Cat Snake, Boiga jaspidea
  30. Mangrove Cat Snake, Boiga melanota
  31. White-spotted Cat Snake, Boiga drapiezii
  32. Many-spotted Cat Snake, Boiga multomaculata
  33. Black-headed Cat Snake, Boiga nigriceps
  34. Thai Cat Snake, Boiga siamensis
  35. Yellow-striped Rat Snake, Coelognathus flavolineatus
  36. Radiated Rat Snake, Coelognathus radiatus
  37. Cave Racer, Elaphe taeniura (subspecies: ridley and helfenbergeri)
  38. Indochinese Ground Snake, Gongylosoma scriptum
  39. Red-tailed Racer, Gonyosoma oxycephalum
  40. Blue-eyed Green Trinket Snake, Gonyosoma coeruleum
  41. Slender Wolf Snake, Lycodon albofuscus
  42. Butler’s Wolf Snake, Lycodon butleri
  43. Common Wolf Snake, Lycodon capucinus
  44. Blanford’s Bridle Snake, Lycodon davisonii
  45. Brown Wolf Snake, Lycodon effraensis
  46. Banded Wolf Snake, Lycodon fasciatus
  47. Gibson’s Wolf Snake, Lycodon gibsonae
  48. Laotian Wolf Snake, Lycodon laoensis
  49. Snake-eater Wolf Snake, Lycodon ophiophagus
  50. Northern Large-toothed Snake, Lycodon septentrionalis
  51. Malayan Bridle Snake, Lycodon subannulatus
  52. White-banded Wolf Snake, Lycodon subcinctus
  53. Barron’s Kukri Snake, Oligodon barroni
  54. Grey Kukri Snake, Oligodon cinereus
  55. Cantor’s Kukri Snake, Oligodon cyclurus
  56. Small-banded Kukri Snake, Oligodon fasciolatus
  57. Hua Hin Kukri Snake, Oligodon huahin
  58. Mouhot’s Kukri Snake, Oligodon mouhoti
  59. Purple Kukri Snake, Oligodon purpurascens
  60. Saiyok Kukri Snake, Oligodon saiyok
  61. Barred Kukri Snake, Oligodon signatus
  62. Striped Kukri Snake, Oligodon taeniatus
  63. Red Bamboo Racer, Oreocryptophis porphyraceus
  64. Keeled Rat Snake, Ptyas carinata
  65. White-bellied Rat Snake, Ptyas fusca
  66. Indian Rat Snake, Ptyas mucosa
  67. Indochinese Rat Snake, Ptyas korros
  68. Buff-striped Keelback, Amphiesma stolatum
  69. Yellow-spotted Keelback, Fowlea flavipunctatus
  70. Checkered Keelback, Fowlea piscator
  71. White-spotted Keelback, Fowlea punctulatus
  72. Boulenger’s Keelback, Hebius boulengeri
  73. Fire-back Keelback, Hebius igneus
  74. Deschauensee’s Keelback complex, Hebius cf. deschauenseei
  75. Khasi Hills Keelback, Hebius khasiensis
  76. Red Mountain Keelback, Hebius sanguineum
  77. Speckle-bellied Keelback, Rhabdophis chrysargos
  78. Black-banded Keelback, Rhabdophis nigrocinctus
  79. Siamese Red-necked Keelback, Rhabdophis siamensis
  80. Triangled Keelback, Xenochrophis trianguligerus
  81. Assamese Mountain Snake, Plagiopholis nuchalis
  82. Large-eyed False Cobra, Pseudoxenodon macrops
  83. Collared Black-headed Snake, Sibynophis collaris
  84. Triangled Black-headed Snake, Sibynophis triangularis

    Cylindrophiidae – Pipe Snakes

  86. Jodi’s Pipe Snake , Cylindrophis jodiae

    Elapidae – Elapids

  88. Malayan Krait, Bungarus candidus
  89. Banded Krait, Bungarus fasciatus
  90. Red-headed Krait, Bungarus flaviceps
  91. Red River Krait, Bungarus slowinskii
  92. Wanghaoting’s Krait, Bungarus wanghaotingi
  93. Monocled Cobra, Naja kaouthia
  94. Indochinese Spitting Cobra, Naja siamensis
  95. Equatorial Spitting Cobra (golden morph), Naja sumatrana
  96. King Cobra, Ophiophagus hannah
  97. Malayan Banded Coral Snake, Calliophis intestinalis
  98. Small-spotted Coral Snake, Calliophis maculiceps
  99. MacClelland’s Coral Snake, Sinomicrurus macclellandi

    Homalopsidae – Indo-Australian Water Snakes

  101. Cantor’s Mud Snake, Cantoria violacea
  102. South Asian Bockadam, Cerberus rynchops
  103. Schneider’s Bockadam, Cerberus schneiderii
  104. Chanard’s Mud Snake, Enhydris chanardi
  105. Rainbow Mud Snake, Enhydris enhydris
  106. Tentacled Snake, Erpeton tentaculatum
  107. Gerard’s Mud Snake, Gerarda prevostiana
  108. Puff-faced Water Snake, Homalopsis buccata
  109. Jack’s Water Snake, Homalopsis mereljcoxi
  110. Martaban Water Snake, Homalopsis semizonata
  111. Grey Water Snake, Hypsiscopus plumbea

    Pareidae – Slug Snakes

  113. Blunt-headed Slug Snake, Aplopeltura boa
  114. Smooth Slug Snake, Asthenodipsas laevis
  115. Keeled Slug-eating Snake, Pareas carinatus
  116. Twin Slug-eating Snake, Pareas geminatus
  117. White-spotted Slug-eating Snake, Pareas margaritophorus
  118. Spotted Slug-eating Snake, Pareas macularius

    Psammophiidae – Sand Snakes

  120. Indochinese Sand Snake, Psammophis indochinensis


  122. Mock Viper, Psammodynastes pulverulentus

    Pythonidae – Pythons

  124. Reticulated Python, Malayopython reticulatus
  125. Burmese Python, Python bivittatus
  126. Brongersma’s Blood Python, Python brongersmai

    Viperidae – Vipers & Pit Vipers

  128. Malayan Pit Viper, Calloselasma rhodostoma
  129. Himalayan Mountain Pit Viper, Ovophis monticola
  130. Omkoi Lance-headed Pit Viper, Protobothrops kelomohy
  131. White-lipped Pit Viper, Trimeresurus albolabris
  132. Gumprecht’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus gumprechti
  133. Guo’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus guoi
  134. Hagen’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus hageni
  135. Kanburi Pit Viper, Trimeresurus kanburiensis
  136. Kui Buri Pit Viper, Trimeresurus kuiburi
  137. Large-eyed Pit Viper, Trimeresurus macrops
  138. Phuket Pit Viper, Trimeresurus phuketensis
  139. Pope’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus popeiorum
  140. Mangrove Pit Viper, Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus
  141. Siamese Peninsula Pit Viper, Trimeresurus sabahi fucatus
  142. Beautiful Pit Viper, Trimeresurus venustus
  143. Vogel’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus vogeli
  144. Wirot’s Pit Viper, Trimeresurus wiroti
  145. Wagler’s Pit Viper, Tropidolaemus wagleri
  146. Siamese Russell’s Viper, Daboia siamensis

    Xenodermatidae – Strange-skinned Snakes

  148. Laotian Bearded Snake, Parafimbrios laos

    Xenopeltidae – Sunbeam Snakes

  150. Sunbeam Snake, Xenopeltis unicolor




Birds of Thailand


  1. Austen’s Brown Hornbill, Anorrhinus austeni
  2. Tickell’s Brown Hornbill, Anorrhinus tickelli
  3. Oriental Pied Hornbill, Anthracoceros albirostris
  4. Great Hornbill, Buceros bicornis
  5. Rhinoceros Hornbill, Buceros rhinoceros
  6. Wrinkled Hornbill, Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus
  7. Helmeted Hornbill, Rhinoplax vigil
  8. Wreathed Hornbill, Rhyticeros undulatus
  9. To be continued!

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